Methodology for Risk-Benefit Analysis in Research


  • Moses M Thiga Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, School of Science, Engineering and Technology, Kabarak University


Risk, Benfit, Severity, Magnitude, Methodology, Risk-Benefit Ratio


Risk-benefit analysis in the context of research activities has recently become a mandatory exercise. It is an integral part of the more extensive exercise, the scientific and ethical review for research approval and subsequent monitoring and evaluation exercises. However, how to undertake the process remains a largely subjective process that results in somewhat 'incomplete' inventories of potential risks and benefits for many research activities. There is also the challenge of computing an overall study risk-benefit score when objective and subjective measures of risks, benefits, severity, and magnitude are involved. This study employed the integrative literature review methodology to summarize past empirical and theoretical literature to provide a more comprehensive understanding of a phenomenon. The result is a simple, concise, and practical guide for identifying research risks and benefits, the computation of risk scores, benefit scores, and the overall risk-benefit score in a research activity. These scores are subsequently utilized to compute the study's overall risk-benefit analysis score. This step-by-step process for the computation of a risk-benefit ratio will introduce clarity in the process of risk-benefit analysis to help ascertain if specific risk probabilities and their severity have been correctly assessed. Conversely, the approach is also helpful in ascertaining if study benefits and their magnitude have been adequately assessed and rated.


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How to Cite

Thiga, M. M. (2024). Methodology for Risk-Benefit Analysis in Research . Kabarak Journal of Research & Innovation, 14(01), 1–15. Retrieved from

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