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Author Guidelines

Manuscript Structure

Submitted papers must NOT have been previously published or accepted for publication elsewhere. The entire paper MUST be in one document (.doc) and contain the following:

  1. 1st Page: Should include the title, Author(s) name and university/institution, Abstract, and keywords. The title should range between 15 to 21 words or fewer and should not contain technical terms, abbreviations, punctuation, and active verbs.
  2. Authors: Indicate the author(s) to whom correspondence and material requests should be addressed.
  3. Abstract: Should be approximately 200 words, unreferenced. Provide a general introduction to the topic, problem statement, objective/s, key methods used, and a brief non-technical summary of your main results and their implication.
  4. Introduction: Should be Succinct, with no subheadings. It should be at least one Page and not more than 1 and 1/2 pages. Provide details of the gap and justification for the study, the need for the study and background information, and a breakdown of the purpose of the study using specific measurable objectives.
  5. Methodology: this should provide a detailed description of the approaches and materials used in collecting data for the interpretation and replication of the results. This should include research design, study location, population, sample size, sampling techniques, data collection instruments, and procedures used in data collection.
  6. Ethical Considerations: Explain how the respondents/participants and researchers will be handled so that they do not suffer any harm. The considerations should include necessary approvals, informed consent, voluntary participation, data protection, conflict of interest, and confidentiality.
  7. Results: This section may be divided by subheadings and clearly presented as per the study objectives. A brief narrative of the results should precede each table or figure. 
  8. Discussion: This section may be divided into subheadings, and should cover the key findings of the study: discuss any prior research related to the subject to place the novelty of the discovery in the appropriate context, discuss the potential shortcomings and limitations of their interpretations, discuss their integration into the current understanding of the problem and how this advances the current views, speculate on the future direction of the research, and freely postulate theories that could be tested in the future.
  9. Conclusion: Key conclusion based on the objectives & results. The author present elements providing answers to questions raised in the main discussion. Keep them concise, brief, and clear.
  10. Recommendations: be based on the conclusion(s).
  11. Acknowledgments: Keep it brief and do not include thanks to anonymous referees or editors, or effusive comments. Grant or contribution numbers may be acknowledged. Should the content of the manuscript have previously appeared online, this should be mentioned here, in addition to listing the source within the reference list.
  12. Competing interests/Conflict of interest: Submission of a competing interest statement is required
  13. References: Each reference should have a corresponding in-text citation. Written in APA 7th edition style. Each reference must contain a DOI or where applicable a hyperlink. These may only contain citations and should list only one publication with each number. Include the title of the cited article or dataset.
  14. Ethics Approval: Researchers will be required to provide evidence of ethics review certificates, and data collection permits sourced from their areas of jurisdiction (local or international). Any manuscript that does not adhere to these guidelines shall be rejected out-rightly.

Manuscript Language

KJRI requires manuscripts submitted to meet international English language standards to be considered for publication. For authors who would like their manuscript to receive language editing or proofreading to improve the clarity of the manuscript and help highlight their research, KJRI recommends language-editing services provided by external partners at an extra cost (30 USD above the regular charge of 100 USD). Note that sending your manuscript for language editing does not imply or guarantee that it will be accepted for publication by KJRI. Editorial decisions on the scientific content of a manuscript are independent of whether it has received language editing or proofreading by external partner services or other services.

Manuscript Format

  1. Paper Set-up: A4, Font size 12, Font type Times New Romans, Margins -Top 2.54 cm, Bottom 2.54 cm, Left 2.54 cm, and Right 2.54 cm, Right margins
  2. Font: Times New Roman, 12 pt, justified, 1.5 line spaced.
  3. Paper Title: Center alignment, Title case, font size 14, single line spacing, Spacing before paragraph at 0pts while after paragraph 0pts
  4. Author Names: Font size 12, Capitalize the middle name and surname, Single line spacing, Spacing before paragraph at 0pts while after paragraph 0pts
  5. Abstract: Title abstract: to be centered and in font size 11, 1cm right and left, the spacing before paragraph at 10pts while after paragraph 6pts. Abstract contents to be justified and in font size 12. Content should not be more than 300 words, Spacing before paragraph at 1pts while after paragraph 0pts, Line spacing; single spacing
  6. Keywords: minimum of three arranged alphabetically
  7. Affiliation: Font size 9 & centre alignment, Spacing before paragraph at 6pts while after paragraph 0pts, Single line spacing
  8. Paper Content: Font size 12, Justified alignment, Font type Times New Romans, single line spacing, Zero spacing before and after paragraph
  9. Headings and Subheadings: The manuscript is organized by headings and subheadings. You may insert up to 5 heading levels into your manuscript (eg. Heading Title).
    • Primary Headings (Heading 1): Capitalized and center alignment, 10pts spacing before and 6pts after paragraph. It should not be bolded, be numbered using Roman numerical, and single line spacing
    • Secondary Heading (Heading 2): Number using capital alphabet letters, right Alignment and italicized, 6pts spacing before and 4pts spacing after paragraph, and single line spacing
    • Tertiary Heading (Heading 3): Italicised, single line spacing, Font size 12 and justified
  10. Author Biography: All authors may choose to include their biographies. Individual biography should not exit 150 words. Author photo may be included (passport size)
  11. Tables: Single line spacing, Font size 10, Left and right borders to be removed, Top and the bottom border should be single-line, Bottom border of the first row (heading row) to be single-line. The table label should be placed at the top, Justified, and in the title case. The table label should be single line spacing, 2pts spacing before and after the paragraph, the explanation of table contents to be placed below the table, type in font size 8 and centered; also single line spacing, no spacing before and after the paragraph
  12. Figures: Label to be placed below the figure and in title case, Single line spacing for labels, and Font size 8 and centered. Ensure that images are of sufficient resolution for reviewers to properly assess the data.
  13. Referencing: Use APA 7th edition referencing style. Hanging indentation by 0.85 cm. Font size 12. Single line spacing. 0pts after paragraph spacing

Submission -Publication period

The manuscript turnaround time is 8 weeks, and the efforts of KJRI’s Editors and Reviewers ensure that the average time per manuscript review is within 26 days. In case of a pending submission, please wait for a response before submitting again. We make every effort to respond as quickly as possible while giving each submission the time it deserves. Any perceived delay in the review process is due to academic dawdling by the author, rather than to editorial laxity and inattention by the Editorial Board.

Plagiarism Procedure

Trust and integrity are among what readers value the most in scholarly peer-reviewed journal content. It is for this reason that KJRI seeks to protect and promote the original work of its authors. Manuscripts containing plagiarized material are against the standards of quality, research, and innovation. All authors submitting articles to KJRI are expected to respect intellectual property, and, abide by ethical standards of abstaining from plagiarism. By submitting a manuscript to KJRI, it is understood that it is an original manuscript and is unpublished work that is not under consideration elsewhere. All manuscripts submitted for publication to KJRI are cross-checked for plagiarism using URKUND software, in accordance with international copyright laws and ethical conduct guidelines.

Any allegations of plagiarism will be brought to the attention of the Editor in Chief. In case plagiarism is detected, the Editor in chief will contact the author (s) to submit his/her explanation within two weeks. If the Editor in Chief does not receive any response from the author within the stipulated time period, then the Editorial Board shall take strict action against the concerned author.

In case plagiarism is detected and validated, the following actions will be taken, depending on the nature and severity of the case:

  • If a paper is still in peer review, it shall be returned to the author with a request that they address the issues through appropriate citation, use of quotation marks, or re-writing.
  • If the similarity between the manuscripts is too extensive for revision, it shall be rejected.
  • If the paper is already published online, a correction, expression of concern, or retraction shall be published. The PDF copy of the published manuscript shall be retracted from the website and disable all links to the full-text article. The term Plagiarized Manuscript shall be appended to the published manuscript title.

The Editorial Board will take due care to assess the plagiarism but in case plagiarism is found with published manuscripts/papers, it is the sole duty of the original contributor to report the plagiarized content to us. Such reported cases will be re-evaluated and notified to the Author(s) for making a revision. To report plagiarism, contact

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