Exploring Institutional Determinants of Intention to Seek Supervision Services

A Panacea for Empowered Counselors


  • Jane KIARIE Kabarak University
  • Gladys J. Kiptiony Kabarak University
  • Margaret K. Mwenje




Mimetic Pressure, Coercive Pressure, Normative Pressure, Multiple Regression, Counseling Supervision, Counselor, Supervisor


Although numerous insights have been generated into the process of counseling supervision, the institutional pressure that steer counselors into seeking and adopting counseling supervision have been largely ignored. In this paper, an institutional framework, which integrates the three (3) dimensions of institutional pressure namely mimetic, coercive, and normative, is developed and hypothesized to influence counselors intention to seek counseling supervision services. The study injects a multi-disciplinary approach by utilizing DiMaggio & Powell (1983) Institutional Theory (IT). The research design was a correlational, cross sectional research design, employing both quantitative and qualitative analysis techniques. A sample of 117 practicing and accredited Counselors in Nairobi County, Kenya was used. Data was collected using a 14 item Likert Scale questionnaire adapted from items used in previous institutional research. Data analysis utilized the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) 20.0 to explore significant relations among the research variables. Multiple linear regression yielded a significant model explaining 32.7% of the variance in the intention to seek counseling supervision. The results provide critical insights on the complexity of counselors' intention to seek supervision services. Correlation analysis suggests that Normative pressure and coercive pressure had significant correlation with intention to use counseling supervision (p<0.05). Normative pressure have the greatest effect (β=.520, p<0.01) on intention, while Coercive Pressure (β=.187, p<0.05) had the least effect. The findings revealed that Mimetic Pressure β=-.088 (p>.05) had no significant effect on intention to seek supervision services. Possibly, counselors did not find the need to mimic other successful counselors, as they did not attribute such success to seeking supervision services. The study recommends that counselors training institutions should incorporate supervision training in their curriculum. Further professional counseling associations should enact legislation and implement policies that require counselors to periodically attend counseling supervision.


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How to Cite

Jane KIARIE, Gladys J. Kiptiony, & Margaret K. Mwenje. (2018). Exploring Institutional Determinants of Intention to Seek Supervision Services: A Panacea for Empowered Counselors. Kabarak Journal of Research & Innovation, 5(2), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.58216/kjri.v5i2.128

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