Students' Perception of Quality of Lecture Hall Resources Used in Teacher Education Programmes in the Universities in Nakuru County, KENYA.


  • Frederick B. J. A. Ngala Kabarak University



Perception, Quality, Lecture Hall Resources


Quality of Lecture Hall Resources usedin teacher education programs is  central to provision of quality education in the universities in Kenya and other world nations.  This research study is informed by the claim that quality of lecture hall resources used in teacher education programmes is low in the universities in Nakuru County, Kenya. The objective of this research study was therefore to determine how students enrolled in teacher education programmes actually perceive   quality of lecture hall resources in the universities in Nakuru County, Kenya. This study was premised on the Theory of Total Quality Management by Deming and Attributive Theory of Quality of Higher Education. The researcher adopted the cross-sectional survey research design. Data was collected from a study populationof 310 obtained from a total of 6 universities (Private and Public Chartered Universities) offering teacher education programmes. Stratified, purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used. Sample size was 257 respondents. Using Test Retest method, the questionnaire scored 0 .8 reliability coefficient. Instrument was validated and piloted. Data from students’ questionnaires were analyzed using statistical tools in the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS).  Descriptive statistics such as frequencies, percentages, means and standard deviations were calculated. One- way Analysis of Variance, Post Hoc Test, T-tests were carried out to measure significant differences between means of samples.  The study found out thatPrivate Y students (mean=3.26) perceived that quality attributes of Lecture Hall resources are   frequently available. Public Q (mean=3.12), Private X (mean=3.09) and Public P (mean=2.58) also reports that quality attributes of Lecture Hall resources are frequently available. This means that Private Y and Public Q leads in the prevalence of quality attributes of Lecture Hall resources. Students’ Perceived that Quality of Lecture Halls Resource was better in private universities (M = 3.17, SD = 0.60) than in public universities (M = 2.79, SD = 0.73). The results further indicate that the difference between the two means was statistically significant, t (225) = 4.263, p<.05). This is an indication that quality of lecture hall resources in private universities was higher than those of public universities. These findings could inform policy formulation on provision of quality Lecture Halls Resource in the universities offering teacher education programmes.The study recommends that universities should prioritize provision of quality lecture hall resources with a view to improving quality of teacher education programmes. All ethical concerns and procedures were observed.


Download data is not yet available.


Asiyai, R. J. (2015). Improving Quality of Higher Education in Nigeria.International Journal of Higher Education, 4 (1), 1.

Asiyai, R. I. (2013). Challenges of Quality in Higher Education in Nigeria in the 21st Century. International Journal of Educational Planning & Administration. Vol. 3(2), pp: 159-172.

Bright, L. (2016, October 21). Paradigm Shift: How Higher Education is Improving Learning. Retrieved October 21, 2016, from Herman Miller:

Bunoti, S. (2010).The Quality of Higher Education in developing Countries Needs Professional

Clause, C. (2015).Content Validity: Definition Index and Examples.

Cohen, L. & Manion, L. (2007).Research Methods in Education.Routledge Publishers comprehensive Guidance and Counseling programs in Nova Scotia.In professional School Counseling, 59(4), p. 292-297.

Deming, W.E. (1986). Economic Pressure and the Professor.In, American college; a psychological and social interpretation of higher learning.New York John Wiley and Sons Inc.

Fraenkel, J.R. &Wallen, N.E. (2000).How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education. New York: McGraw-Hill Inc.

Gudo, C., Olel, M., &Oanda. (2011). University Expansion in Kenya and issues on Quality education,Challenges and Opportunities. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 2 (20), 1-2.

Gudo, C. O., Olel, M. A., &Oanda, I. O. (2011). University Expansion in Kenya and issues of Quality Education: challenges and Opportunities. International Journal of Business and Social Sciences , 205-206.

Hashmi, K. (2013). Introduction & implementation of Total Quality Management TQM. Retrieved November 16, 2016, from htt[://

Johnson, B., & Chistensen. (2012). Educational Resource:Qualitative &Quantitative and mixed approaches (4th ed.). Wshington DC: Sage.

Kaimenyi, J. (2015). Teacher Quality.Ministry of Education Science and Technology.

Kalai, J., Kaloki , J. W., Kasau i, O. M., , Kitoo, B. M., & Mutune, J. M. (2015). Pupil-Teacher Ratio And Its Impact On Academic Performance In Public Primary Schools In Central Division, Machakos County, Kenya. European Journal Of Education Studies, 1-32.

Kerlinger, F. (1999).Foundations of Behavioral Research. New York:Wadsworth Publishing.

KIPPRA. (2013).Kenya Economic Report.2013

Ministry of Education.(2012). A Policy Framework for Education and Training.Government of Kenya.

Mondoh, H.O. (2002). The Impact of the Pay as You Eat (PAYE) system on University Education in Kenya: A Case of Egerton University, Njoro. Social Science Research Series, No: 23. OSSREA.

Mugenda, A.G. (2008) Social Science Research: Theory and Principles. Nairobi: Acts Press

Mugenda, O. M & Mugenda G.D. (1999).Research methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approach. Nairobi: Acts Press.

Mwangi,&Udoto. (2011). Learning Facilities and learning environment: Challenges for teaching and learning in Kenyas' Public Universities. Journal on Quality Assurance in Education, 1 (3), 208-228.

Nakuru County Development Profile.(2013).First County Integrated Development Plan. Nakuru: Government printer.

Namunga, N. W., &Otunga, R. N. (2012). Teacher Education As A driver For Sustainable Development In Kenya. International Journal Of Humanities and Social Sciences, 2 (5), 1.

Nganga, G. (2010). The Global Window on higher Education. Retrieved October 29, 2016, from

Odebero, S. O., Ngala, F.B.J.A., &Sang, A. (2005). Higher Education Loans Board Financing of university Education in Kenya: The effectiveness of loan recovery process: Journal of education and Human Resources,Vol.3, pp: 92-105.

Odundo, P. A., Origa, J., Nyandega, I., &Ngaruiya, B. (2015). Effects of Mass University Enrolment on Non-Academic Activities: The Case of the University of Nairobi, Kenya. Education Journal, 4 (2), 51-59.

Okebukola, P. A. (2005). Labour market expectations of Nigerian graduates: A National university graduates employer needs assessment survey. Ibadan: Heinemann educational books Nigeria Plc.

Olembo, J.O., Wanga, P.E., Karagu, N.M. (1992). Management in Education.Educational research and Publications.

Owuor, N. A. (2012). Higher Education in Kenya: The rising Tension between Quantity and Quality in the Post Massification Period. Higher Education Studies Journal, 2 (4), 126-136.

Oyetunde, T.O. (2004). Understanding Teaching and Learning process. In Andzayi,

C.A., Mallum, Y.A. &Oyetunde, T.O. (eds). The practice of teaching: perspective and strategies. Jos: LECAPS Publishers.

Ramani K. (2006). Be wary of cheap Ugandan Universities. In East African Standard Newspapers, P20 April 20th 2006, Nairobi.

Ryan, H. (2013). The Effect of Classroom Environment on Student Learning. Honors Theses , 2.

Ogula, P. A. (2001). Monitoring &Evaluation of Educational programs and projects. Nairobi: New Kermit Publishers.

Task Force on the Re-alignment of the Education Sector to the New Constitution.(2010).Towards Globally Competitive quality of Education for Sustainable Development. Nairobi: Ministry of Education, Kenya.

Trochim, W. M. (2006). Survey Research. Retrieved November 18, 2016, from Research Methods Knowledge Base:

University of Maryland (2000).Lecture Hall Design Standards.University of Maryland.

Wamalwa, M. S. (2015). Demand Driven Expansion of Universities in relation to Quality of higher Education in Kenya. Masinde University of Science &Technology,Kakamega: Un published Thesis.

Wanzala, W. (2013). Quest for Quality and Relevant Education training and Learning in Kenya. Education Journal, 2 (2), 36-49.

Youssef, R. S., Bard, D., Mahmoud, A. E., & Esa, N. M. (2014). Acoustical Quality Assessment of Lecture halls at Lund University, Sweden. Inter-noise (pp. 3-6). Melbourne: Australia Accoustical Society.



How to Cite

Frederick B. J. A. Ngala. (2018). Students’ Perception of Quality of Lecture Hall Resources Used in Teacher Education Programmes in the Universities in Nakuru County, KENYA. Kabarak Journal of Research & Innovation, 5(2), 115–132.

Similar Articles

1 2 3 4 > >> 

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.